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Niger Firespitter
Map of Niger uranium mines
Type Dragonoid/reptilian cryptid
First Sighting Unknown/Unclear
Last Sighting 1984
Country Niger
Habitat Desert, particularly water sources
Possible Population Very small/Extremely Rare

The Niger Firespitter was a dinosaur/dragon-like creature reported in Arlit, Niger, in 1984. It was found by local uranium miners who were then chased by the Firespitter to the town where it was shot by local army soldiers. 

Almost all information on the Niger Firespitter comes from a single email from a man whose servant had seen it. This makes almost the entire case only hearsay. However one fact that makes the story more believable is the description.

The man who sent the email was well educated but his servant wasn't. Once he drew the outline of a brontosaur-like dinosaur, and showed it to him, expecting either a "yes I saw this on the TV once." or "No sir." He was surprised to say the least when his servant answered "Oh yes I have seen this before. In my home village." 

He later corrected him saying that it did have a long neck and tail, but the head was more like a crocodile's or caiman's. He also added that both of its feet were the same length, and they were clawed, much like how a spinosaurus would potentially be described today. The email was sent back in 2002, before spinosaurus is described as quadripedal by Ibrahim et al in 2014.


Spinosaurus in Japan Expo

2014 representation of Spinosaurus.

Reptilian, with tough skin "like that of an elephant." It was the color of the sand, with small black and white spots. Spines started from the base of the neck and finished before the tail. It had four legs of the same length. The feet were like those of an ostrich, with big claws. Its tracks on the ground were like those of an ostrich.

The eyewitness said it had a long neck and tail, but not as long as the brontosaur drawing. The tail is thick and very strong. The head was like a crocodile's head, with big eyes. Big eyes may indicate it's a nocturnal or young creature.

When attacked by soldiers, the creature retaliated by spitting fire at them while hunching and elevating its spines. The eyewitness indicates a height of 60-80cm, which makes people think it was just a baby. A month long search was undertaken to search for its mother.


Firespitter mask

A Senufo firespitter mask

Kponungo are "funeral head masks," referred to as "Firespitters" by outsiders. Used by both Poro and non-Poro male societies, these helmet masks embodied an aggressive supernatural power to combat any forces that might disrupt the well-being of the community. The powerful features of antelopes, buffaloes, crocodiles, warthogs, hornbills, chameleons and humans combined to symbolize power and to recall important myths.


Everything we know of the Niger Firespitter comes from an E-Mail by Philip Abuja written in Nigeria in 2002. There is no other known reference on the internet, a sighting or anything else. Below is a transcript of the E-Mail gained from

Email Transcript[]

0A Niger Firespitter 2002 drawingP A

Drawing is by Micheal Skrepnik. The Suchomimus is one of the many types of Dinosaur skeletons found in the Sahara Desert area.

I am living in Nigeria, and I often browse the web collecting articles on topics that I'm interested in. As an engineer and a Christian, I always thought that a lot of what they taught us in school does not make sense, specifically regarding geology, evolution, and time scales.

These past few weeks, I've been reading a lot about dinosaurs on several websites. This has never really been my cup of tea, and I do not have much knowledge about dinosaurs.

After reading about various cave paintings, stone engravings, and clay statuettes of dinosaurs, I thought that maybe here in Africa, they may have traditions about them.

Just in passing, I called my steward. He is a Tuareg from northern Niger, at the fringes of the Sahara. He has been to primary school and knows how to read, but he is definitely not somebody who has much knowledge of the world. He does not read newspapers, doesn't watch television save for some local programs, and does not read novels or watch movies.

I quickly made a very basic drawing of a brontosaur-like thing, actually just the outline with a long neck, fat body, short and sturdy legs, and long tail.

Then I asked Mohammed: "Do you know this animal?", expecting either an embarrassed "Er? No", or "I saw it at school, or on TV" or something similar.

Instead he snapped, excited: "Yes, I know it! But it is not like that!!" Needless to say, I was surprised by his reaction!

"What do you mean, it is not like that?"

"I saw it in my place, but it has spines on its back, like that" and he gestured to show me. He then came to my desk, and scribbled on the paper to show me the spines. He drew a kind of crest on the back of my dino.

He was agitated, and started telling me the following story:

"They killed one in my place, Arlit, fifteen years ago. The soldiers killed him. Nobody knows where it came from, maybe from the mines (note: there are uranium mines in the area), but also some people said it was because of the earthquake.

There was an earthquake, or maybe it's the thunder that hit the ground, I don't know, but then there was a huge crack in the ground, wide, somebody could not jump across, and very long, maybe one kilometer.

Anyway, people were afraid. And there was this animal, some shepherds saw it in the bush, it was attacking their flocks.

They were afraid, because they had never seen something like that, they ran and they called people, and the soldiers. The animal was spitting fire. He would hunch his back, and all the spines would stand, they were sharp, and he would lower his neck, and he was spitting fire. Like these things that the soldiers wear on their back and that spit fire, the same.

The soldiers killed him, and they took it to the Prefecture (note: the regional government building), because they wanted everybody to see it, to see that it was dead, because people were afraid, and were talking too much, and they even refused to go to the mine to work.

I saw it there with my eyes. Nobody had ever seen something like that. Then they started looking for the mother, because they said that this one was small, that there may be the mother around. They called the French people from the Company (note: one of the mining companies), and they said that they knew the animal, but that this was not possible, that he did not exist in Africa.

One of them took a lot of pictures, I knew him, and he told me that this animal was laying eggs, like a chicken, and that he would sit on top and hatch. They looked all over the place, in the bush and in the Sahara, maybe for one month, but they did not find anything. After, the soldiers even said it was forbidden to talk about it, because people were restless about it, some left the place, some refused to work, and the soldiers did not want unrest." (Note: at that time, Niger was a military regime)

I was more than surprised, and all along he was sounding so true, so sure of what he was saying, that I asked him more details on the animal. Again, he was just telling them out as a first person thing, without the slightest hesitation, and citing names of people who were there when this happened.

I asked: "How big was it?"

"Not very big, like that" He gestured to show a height of 60 to 80cm.

"And the spines, where did they start and finish?"

"They were on his back. From the neck to the back."

"They were on the neck?"

"No, they started at the base of the neck, and they finished before the tail."

01A-Hight Compairison NFS-Human 2002 Cryptid Wiki

A height comparison of the Niger Firespitter and a full grown male Human based on information from the Philip Abuja email

"How were the legs?"

"He had four legs, short."

"Were they different at the front and at the back?"

"No, they were the same." (Meaning the same length)

"And the feet?"

"The feet were like those of an ostrich. He had big fingers, opened, with claws. Claws like a cat, but bigger. His track on the ground was like that of an ostrich."

"And the skin, what did it look like? How did it feel?"

"I don't know how it felt, I did not touch it. But it was looking strong, like the skin of an elephant. It was the color of the sand, and it had spots on the side, like when you sprinkle paint, small spots. Red and white."

"And the neck, how long was it?"

"He had a long neck. And the head was looking like a crocodile, but he had big eyes. Big eyes."

"What of the tail?"

"The tail was not very long, but thick, very strong." He showed the tail in my drawing and said that it was shorter than that.

"What happened to the animal?"

"They took it to Niamey, I don't know. Anyway, after, the soldiers did not like people to talk about it. But nobody had never seen anything like that."

"Even the elders did not know what it was. But if you come to Arlit, there is one of my neighbors, he is now retired, but he was among the soldiers who killed it, he can tell you."

"And Kader, he saw it too. Sule, no, not Sule, he was there, but he was afraid, he did not come to see. (Kader and Sule are two other Tuaregs from the same area, whom I know. I'll of course ask them what they know the next time I meet them!). And the white men, they were looking at it, and they were talking, talking, and saying that it was not possible, and taking pictures. A lot of people came, even from the Government."

"What do you mean by a crack in the ground?"

"There was a crack, very long, very deep, you could not see the bottom. The crack was long like from here to the roundabout (note: approx. 300 to 400 meters). I don't know how the crack happened. "I did not feel any earthquake, nor did anybody I know." The crack just happened one day, people were wondering. And it's the next day that they saw the animal. So, some people were saying that it came from there, and some said that it came from the mine."

"What happened to this crack?"

"Now they've closed it. After some time, there was water seeping out of it, and they filled it with rubble, they brought machines to push stones and soil in it. Then they put concrete on top. But up to today, there is water coming out."

"Water? How?"

"Not much, it's like when a pipe is broken in the ground, even if you put soil on top, there is humidity coming around. This is why they closed it, the engineers said that the water was coming from deep in the ground, and that it would become worse. So the Government had the crack closed." (Note: Arlit is in a desert area. There are no wells, water comes from deep boreholes, and there is definitely no surface water.)

Now, I know perfectly well that this would be totally unacceptable as evidence anywhere, and that it does not have value except for me who knows the man, and could really assess how true he was sounding. But I would like to know if the description of the animal corresponds to any known dinosaur, and if there is any other report of the same story by somebody else. According to Mohammed, this happened in 1984, and engineers from Cominak (uranium mining company) saw the animal.

I wouldn't mind to go and spend some days in Arlit to find out more about the whole thing. Too many things are mentioned and can be verified, like the occurrence of a fault (in a uranium mining area, this would certainly not go unnoticed!!), and the great number of witnesses.

I would be grateful if you could give me your opinion about the animal mentioned, and any other information you may have. Needless to say, a live dinosaur that forgot to go extinct some millions of years ago is something that would not quite fit with Mr. Darwin's own religion?


Seeing as how there was only one Email from a man who refers to another he met while in another country the credibility of his statements can easily be called into question.



A large variant/breed/subspecies of uncredited African crocodiles could be a valid explanation.

A possible explanation for the Niger Firespitter is the crocodile, which is the subject of many local legends revolving around firespitter masks. A large and aggressive species with a broad snout, especially in older animals. It has a dark bronze coloration and darkens as the animal matures. Lives in a variety of freshwater habitats but is also found in brackish water. It is an apex predator that is capable of taking a wide array of African vertebrates, including large ungulates and other predators.

However, there was a discovery of a fossil that likely belonged to an infant spinosaurus; showing even the largest theropod known so far started life very small in size. If the creature is a real animal, its still an extremely low possibility that it was a living dinosaur. Undetermined/Undocumented species of crocodilians are still a much more plausible explanation.

A fire breathing dinosaur was seen in an episode of Land of the Lost.

External Links[]

[1] Philip Abuja email