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A poisonous cryptid is a cryptid (such as snakes, scorpions, spiders, plants, etc...) that produces any toxin for predatory or defensive purposes. The poison can be found in the blood, muscles, liver, be processed by specialized glands, or be found in the sap of plants. Not all cryptids are equally toxic for life and in some cases the production of toxins varies depending on the time of year.

Cryptids with venom glands

Many species of animals have glands that contain toxins (called venom glands) and often have special equipment, such wounding, designed to inoculate the toxin. Among the arthropods, there are scorpions, wasps and spiders with forcipules or ovipositor structures designed to inject toxins. The bloodsucking cryptids contain saliva which is toxic by anticoagulants principles, resulting in various allergic reactions.

Toxic Aquatic Cryptids

Aquatic cryptids, with the octopus (Akkorokamui ) in particular, have toxic saliva to immobilize their prey and various gastropod cryptids contain a radula modified to injects a toxin in high proportions. Some aquatic cryptids have glands located at the base in a sting that derives from poisonous fins, often paralyzing effect on the heart.

Venomous Amphibian and Reptilian Cryptids

Many amphibians and reptiles are poisonous. For many the skin itself is toxic. The poisonous species of the latter generally have salivary glands that contain toxins linked to the teeth. Many cryptid snakes are venomous. The ranges of poisonous species are more frequent in tropical areas.

Venomous Mammals and Birds

There are birds that produce toxins, while among the venomous mammals cryptids also exists (including the former cryptid, the platypus). Bloodsucking bats and vampires have toxic saliva as well.

Venom components

The main components of the venom are enzymes such as proteases that destroy tissue, hyaluronidase , which increases the permeability of the tissue (the venom can spread faster), the phospholipases that attack cell membranes, and phosphatases , which degrade various chemical compounds. Venom is a compound of polypeptides chains assembled into alpha and beta. Each peptide is responsible for the character of the venom. The characters of venom most implicated in death by inoculation of venom are neurotoxins, which directly affect the exocytosis at the level of neurons , which causes muscle paralysis and respiratory disorders.

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