The Arizona Jaguar, or North American Jaguar, is a subspecies of jaguar native to Arizona, United States. It was thought to have been elimnated by 1960, but occasional sightings of jaguars have persisted.
The Arizona jaguar ranges from southwestern United States to Central America. They are relatively smaller in size compared to jaguars of South America. By 1960, jaguars were thought to have been elimnated in the United States. Jaguar hunting in Arizona was outlawed by 1969 but today only a small amount of jaguars roam wild. All jaguar sightings are of males, with the last female being shot in 1963. 
In 1996, rancher and hunting guide Warner Glenn came across a jaguar in the Penloncillo Mountains of Arizona. He would then become a reasearcher on jaguars and placed webcams which recorded four more Arizona jaguars. 
In February 20, 2009, a male jaguar was captured and radio collared by Arizona Game and Fish Department officals. He was released back into the wild in Arizona and given the name Macho B. Unfortunately, he died shortly after. 
In 19 November, 2011, a jaguar was sighted in the Whetstone Mountains by hunting guide Donnie Fenn and his daughter. His hunting dogs chased the jaguar and he took several photos. In September 2012, a male jaguar (later confirmed to be the same individual) was photographed in the Santa Rita Mountains of Arizona. It was captured on monitoring cameras placed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. This jaguar was given the name El Jefe (Spanish for "The Boss") and was the only known jaguar living in the United States since Macho B's death. El Jefe hasn't been seen since 2015, where he's assumed to have returned to Mexico to breed.
In November 16, 2016, a jaguar was spotted by trail cameras in the Dos Cabezas Mountains of Arizona. It was the farthest north a jaguar has been seen in many decades. This jaguar was the seventh confirmed jaguar in the southwest since 1996. On the December 1, another jaguar was captured by trail cameras on Fort Huachuca. It was thought to be male and not previously seen in Arizona. He was seen again in Feburary. 
In April 2021, University of Arizona Ph.D student Ganesh Marin was studying the ecosystems along the US-Mexico border when a young jaguar was captured on his video feed. 
The Arizona jaguar was placed on the endangered species list in 1997. On 4 March 2014, Federal Wildlife officals set aside nearly 1,200 square miles along the US-Mexico border as habitat essential for the conservation of the jaguar.
The Northern Jaguar Project is an Arizona-based organisation which aims to protect the Arizona Jaguar and other wild cats. The heart of the project is the Nothern Jaguar Reserve, a 86-square-mile wild landscape and the perfect habitat for jaguars.
In Popular Media
- In Kemono Friends, an anthropomorphised Arizona jaguar is a character in the series.
- North American Jaguar - Wikipedia
- North American Jaguar (Panthera onca) Collared in Arizona - Ark Animals
- Guide describes roaring, powerful jaguar - Arizona Daily Star
- Jaguar roves near Rosemont mine site - Arizona Daily Star
- El Jefe, Arizona's mighty jaguar, is missing in action - AZCentral
- Rare Jaguar Sighting in Arizona, 60 Miles North of Mexican Border - Newsweek
- Jaguar seen on Fort Huachuca trail camera
- Potential jaguar habitat at U.S.-Mexico border identified by UArizona researchers - Cronkite News
- Feds set aside habitat in Southwest for jaguar - Yahoo! News
- Nothern Jaguar Project