Appearance of the Almas
The Pamir Mountains
|Habitat||Pamir Mountains, Caucasus Mountains|
The Almas is an ape-like cryptid reported from Central Asia. They are said to inhabit the Asian mountain regions of Pamir and Caucasus as well as the Mongolian mountain range Altai. Sightings of the Almas date back as early as the 15th century.
This creature has been sighted walking upright just like a human. In fact, it looks more human than a bigfoot-type creature, even said to craft clothes and tools. It is said to resemble a living cave-man. Their bodies are covered entirely with thick brown to reddish-brown hair. The facial region remains uncovered, but patches of skin are dark. The skull structure of the almasty possesses a protruding brow ridge, slanting forehead, flat nose, and large protruding jaw. Their feet are large and their fingers are long, their appendages are completely covered with hair, except for their hands.
Almas is a Mongolian word for "wild man". The plural term almasty is derived from Russian, while other variations of the name are Almasti, Almaslar, Bnahua, and Ochokochi, which translates as the name for a forest deity in the West Asian regions, such as Azerbaijan and Georgia. Current accounts of the most recent sightings of the almas locate it near the southern part of Mongolia, along the Altai Mountains and the Tien Shan pass near the northern border of China.
First accounted in historical records in the 1400's, Almas is not used to refer to one organism, but a community of many. These individuals are described as subspecies of
hominids, in which humans and primates like orangutans, gorillas, and chimpanzees belong to. Almasti resemble the appearance and body framework of Neanderthals, another species of hominid, which roamed western Asia, far north Africa, and Europe, and became extinct about 30,000 years ago.
Almasti are bipedal organisms, which can walk upright on two hind legs. The common height range for almas is five feet tall, but adults can be as high as six to six and a half feet. Their bodies are covered entirely with thick brown to reddish-brown hair. The facial region remains uncovered, but patches of skin are dark.
The skull structure of the almas possesses a protruding brow ridge, slanting forehead, flat nose, and large protruding jaw. Their feet are large and their fingers are long, their appendages are completely covered with hair, except for their hands.
In the 1800s, a man claimed to have domesticated a female Almas named Zana. The creature, after being held within numerous enclosures for many years, was trained to carry out daily tasks such as grinding grain for flour and hauling firewood. Zana, however, never learned to speak, instead using grunts and mutterings. The Almas was very athletic, fond of swimming and apparently had a taste for wine. Zana later mated with a local man and had four children. A tooth sample of one of the children was tested, so they could be real.
Accounts from Russian historian Professor Boris Porchnev in 1964 explained that the Almas appeared to have a cone-shaped skull, and the teeth structures are similar to humans, except that the canines are wider. Porchnev has even reported to have encountered the descendants of the Almas, which were grouped in families that dwelled in holes on the ground. Porchnev further describes the human-like beings as having excellent swimming and running abilities, a foul odor, and a diet that consists of small mammals, vegetables, and fruits. The almasty, as nomadic creatures, have traveled beyond the areas of Mongolia in which they were frequently sighted by farmers and villagers. Stories and reports dating from the last fifty years have located the almas community around the Caucasus mountains near Russia and the Black Sea. Artifacts and evidences of the existence of almas communities have also been found in the Pamir mountains of Central Asia.
One of the most recent expeditions that aimed to locate the almas was led by Russian cryptozoologist Dr. Marie-Jeanne Kofman and Frenchman Sylvain Pallix in 1992. Similar to the findings of Porchnev, the data gathered by Kofman describes the almas as large hairy creatures, weighing as much as 500 pounds, and are nocturnal creatures that can run as fast as 40 miles per hour. However, the only solid evidences Kofman was able to collect were hair samples, footprints, and droppings.
Variations of names of the almas and the regions they were sighted are: barmanu from Afghanistan and Pakistan, golub-yavan from Tajikistan, ksy-gyik from Kazakhstan, and mulen from Tungus in Siberia, among others.
In Popular Media
- There is a search assembled to find the Almas In Russia on Destination Truth. The full episode focuses on the Almas.
- The Alma appears in the comic book, Cartoon Network Action Pack #29: Crying Wolf.